In addition to olive oil and wine, we have a good 150 fruit trees. The vast majority are citrus fruits (Agrumi). In addition, apples, pears, apricots, persimmons, nuts, bananas, kiwi, and much more also grow. Thus, fresh fruits throughout the year, depending on the season.
We cultivate the following fruits:
The lemon or lime is the approximately fist-sized fruit of the lemon tree from the genus of citrus plants. It is a group of varieties that originated from a cross between bitter orange and lemon, probably in northern India.
The orange (also called orange (from Low German appelsina, literally “apple from China /Sina“), is an evergreen tree,in particular its fruit is also called so. The valid botanical name of the orange is Citrus × sinensis L., so it belongs to the genus of citrus plants (Citrus) in the family Rutaceae. It originates from China or Southeast Asia, where it originated from a cross between mandarin (Citrus reticulata) and grapefruit (Citrus maxima).
The bitter orange, which originated from the same parent species, is distinguished from the sweet oranges because of its completely different use. While the bitter orange came to Italy in the 11th century at the latest, the sweet variant was only introduced to Europe in the 15th century, where it was initially grown almost exclusively in Portugal. The sweet orange is the most commonly grown citrus fruit in the world.
The term mandarancio refers to a group of citrus fruits, the hybrids between the mandarin (Citrus reticulata and Citrus nobilis) and the orange (Citrus × sinensis and Citrus × aurantium). It is a term that is often misleading, also because it is very often used incorrectly. Historically, this was the first name people wanted to give to the fruit, which was vulgarly called mandarin, but it did not catch on. However, due to the different hybrids made between the tangerine and the oranges (both sweet and bitter), the term was immediately accepted, and so it is still used in the scientific literature.
The Pomelo, Pummelo or Pampaleone (scientific name Citrus maxima) is a fruit tree from the family rutaceae and the genus Citrus. After Maisto, it is the oldest citrus fruit cultivated by man. It is believed to be one of the three species from which all citrus fruits known today are derived, along with the lemon Citrus medica and the mandarin Citrus reticulata. In Shanghai, China, this fruit is credited with aphrodisiac properties.
The fruit is usually eaten with peel and seeds; the peel tastes rather tart-sweet, the pulp usually very sour.
It is not possible to say clearly where exactly the fruit comes from. It is assumed that their original homeland is to be settled in West to Central Asia. The pomegranate is already mentioned in the Bible. 613 kernels are said to have the symbolic fruit, as many as there are laws in the Old Testament. Also in Greek mythology and in the Christian Middle Ages, the pomegranate plays a role again and again: as food of the gods or as a symbol of power and ruler’s virtues on coats of arms and paintings. Today, the fruit is also cultivated in the Mediterranean.